AGAG


AGAG
AGAG (Heb. אֲגָג), the name of an amalekite king who was captured by saul (I Sam. 15). By sparing Agag's life Saul disobeyed   Samuel's order to annihilate the Amalekites. This occasioned the final break between Samuel and Saul. Later Samuel killed Agag at Gilgal "before the Lord" (ibid. 33). One of Balaam's oracles sets Israel's king "higher than Agag" (Num. 24:7). The Septuagint adds "Agag" as the subject of another short oracle (ibid. 23). The name may have served as a recurrent designation for Amalekite chieftains or a clan. Agagite (Heb. אֲגָגִי) is the gentilic name of haman , in the scroll of esther (3:1; 10:8, 5, etc.). It connects the archenemy of the Jews in Persia with the Amalekites. It has been suggested that designation of Haman as an Agagite sounds legendary. It may represent a nickname, applied to this persecutor of the Jews because the Amalekites are denounced as the archenemy of Israel in the Torah (Deut. 25:17–19). Some scholars prefer the Septuagint's reading: Βουγαιος ("Bugaean" instead of "Agagite"), a Persian gentile name, baga, meaning "God." (Hanna Weiner) -In the Aggadah Agag's death came too late. Had he been killed by Saul during the course of the battle, a later generation of Jews would have been spared the troubles caused by Haman. It is taught that in the short span of time between the war and the execution of Agag, he became the ancestor of Haman (SER 20). The delay is attributed to the powers of persuasion of Doeg the Edomite over Saul. He argued that the law prohibits the slaying of an animal and its young on the same day. How much less permissible was it to destroy old and young at one time (Mid. Ps. 52:4). When Agag was eventually sentenced to death, it was according to heathen, and not Jewish, law. Thus, there were no witnesses to his crime, and he was given no warning of his punishment (PdRK 3:6). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: AGAG: Albright, in: JBL, 63 (1944), 218 ff. AGAGITE: J. Hoschander, The Book of Esther in the Light of History (1923), 21 ff.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Agag — (pronEng|ˈeɪɡæɡ) ( he. אגג) was the king of the Amalekites, mentioned by Balaam in Numbers xxiv.7 in a way that gives probability to the conjecture that the name was a standing title of the kings of Amalek. The name or title may mean flame in… …   Wikipedia

  • Agag — ist vielleicht ein amalekitischer Königstitel. [1] Das Alte Testament erwähnt zwei Könige mit diesem Titel oder Namen. In 4. Mose (Numeri) 24,7 wird ein Agag in einer Prophezeiung des Bileam erwähnt. Wichtiger ist der Agag in der Geschichte Sauls …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agag — est un roi des Amalécites, vaincu par Saül et taillé en pièces par le prophète Samuel. Un de ses descendants est Haman, du livre d Esther. Premier Livre de Samuel, chapitre 15 (traduction Darby) sur Wikisource : Et Saül frappa Amalek depuis… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agag — es un personaje bíblico, cabecilla de los amalecitas, que aparece en el Libro de Samuel. Saúl lo vence y el propio Samuel lo descuartiza ante Yahvé, según las costumbres de la época. En el Libro de Ester esta victoria se renueva por la de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agag — Agag, 1) muthmaßlich Titel der Könige der Amalekiter; bes. 2) König der Amalekiter zur Zeit Sauls, welchen Saul besiegte u. Samuel tödtete …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Agag — Agag, König der Amalekiter zu Sauls Zeiten; wahrscheinl. Königstitel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • AGAG — I. AGAG Regnum et Urbs Aethiopiae superioris versus lacum Zaire, inter Nilum fluv. et provinc. Ambiam et Novam. II. AGAG Rex Amlaechitarum. Circa A. M. 2962. Eius historiam vide 1 Reg. c. 15. Tormel …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Agag — King of the Amalekites, whose life was spared by Saul after Israel s victory. For this act of mercy he was denounced by the prophet Samuel, who then himself hacked Agag in pieces (1 Sam. 15) …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Agag — /ay gag/, n. an Amalekite king who was captured and spared by Saul but later killed by Samuel. I Sam. 15. * * * …   Universalium

  • Agag —    Flame, the usual title of the Amalekite kings, as Pharaoh was of the Egyptian.    1.) A king of the Amalekites referred to by Balaam (Num. 24:7). He lived at the time of the Exodus.    2) Another king of the Amalekites whom Saul spared… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


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